Asthma with allergic rhinitis, experts teach you safe and rational drug use

More than 40% of children are suffering from allergy, and the popularization of allergy science needs to be strengthened
Epidemiological survey shows that at present, the proportion of children with allergy problems in China is more than 40%, of which the incidence rate of allergic rhinitis in children is as high as 15.79%.
Professor Chen zhuanggui, vice chairman of Youth Committee of allergy branch of Chinese Medical Association, director of Pediatrics of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat sen University, and deputy director of Department of allergy, pointed out that “allergic rhinitis is divided into seasonal and perennial. Perennial rhinitis is often associated with indoor allergens, such as house dust mites, so parents need to pay more attention to it.
Professor Chen Zhuang GUI answered the parents’ questions about how to judge the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. “Sneezing, runny nose, itchy nose and stuffy nose are the four typical symptoms of allergic rhinitis. In addition, itchy eyes, chronic cough and even nosebleed are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis that children are different from adults. Parents should be vigilant when children have these symptoms. “
Professor Chen Zhuang GUI said that allergic rhinitis can cause many complications, such as conjunctivitis, sinusitis, and asthma is one of the major hidden dangers. From the clinical point of view, the symptoms of allergic rhinitis and asthma are interlinked, the basis is the same, so patients with allergic rhinitis, the probability of asthma as high as 40% – 60%. In the long run, the complications caused by allergic rhinitis will have a great impact on children’s height, appearance, etc., which will not be conducive to the physical and mental health development of teenagers.
At the same time, Professor Chen zhuanggui also called for timely medical treatment and synchronous treatment for children with allergic rhinitis and asthma. Early intervention and standardized drug treatment can effectively control symptoms.
Rational use of drugs to prevent recurrence, prevention as the first prevention source
According to the characteristics of recurrent allergic rhinitis in children, experts especially emphasized the importance of rational drug use: not only to “choose the right medicine”, but also to “use enough medicine for full treatment”.
Professor Chen zhuanggui pointed out that according to the treatment recommendations issued by the World Health Organization and the World Allergy Organization, whether it is allergic rhinitis or asthma, we should first clarify the causes of allergy and avoid allergens. In terms of medication, symptomatic treatment should be adopted, such as anti-inflammatory treatment and precision treatment. For mild patients, second-generation oral antihistamines are the first-line drugs; For moderate to severe patients, the second generation of oral antihistamines and nasal hormones can better control symptoms.
In addition, allergic rhinitis and asthma belong to chronic diseases, which need to be adjusted step by step. The course of treatment is generally 3 months, and then the patients are evaluated, and then the treatment plan of “descending step” or “ascending step” is adopted according to the condition. Professor Chen zhuanggui stressed that in the treatment of children with allergic rhinitis and asthma, we must maximize the control of symptoms and minimize the impact on children’s growth and development.
During the activity, Professor Chen zhuanggui taught parents how to prevent allergy in daily life
1、 In the pollen season, wear masks when traveling, and take measures to eliminate mites at home;
2、 Nasal cavity should be flushed to reduce allergen load;
3、 When allergic symptoms appear, standardize the use of drugs to control;
4、 Take desensitization treatment. From avoiding allergens, to using anti allergic drugs and other measures to prevent and control allergic symptoms.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.